How detergent ingredients work

You may just add detergent and take away clean, stain free garments, but detergents are actually quite complex. So what does it actually do, and how? How detergent works actually?

To start, detergents are made up of several parts, and the main ones are surfactants, enzymes, bleach, builders and polymers. Ariel Detergent ingredients are very diverse as well. These all work together to offer tough stain removal, cleaning and whitening.

How detergent ingredients work


These are the core stain removing part of detergent. They remove anything greasy from fabrics, and are great on stains and food residues. How washing powder works? Detergents like Ariel Automatic Powder and Ariel Powder have several different surfactants to remove different stains.


These proteins are excellent at breaking down stains and food residues. Each enzyme removes a specific stain, so biological detergents contain several types. These are only present in biological detergents as they can damage wools and silks.


Bleach brightens your whites and removes colored stains. It also treats dyes as stains, so it’s mainly good for white loads.


These workers deal with hard water molecules, letting the surfactants get on with their job of removing stains. So the harder the water, the more builders you need.


A liquid washing detergent like Ariel Automatic Power Gel Original has a few different polymers. They each perform a specific function, such as keeping stains from depositing themselves onto garments after they’ve been removed by the surfactants.

Detergents also contain other ingredients, such as perfumes to help your clothes smell great, brighteners to help them shine bright, buffers to maintain the acidity balance in the water, and suds suppressors to prevent excess suds from spoiling the wash.

So a high quality detergent like Ariel Automatic Powder Original and Ariel Powder Original contain a whole host of ingredients that work together to bring you brilliant tough stain removal in one wash. Now you know how your garments get so bright and clean.